OSCE is committed to combat intolerance and discrimination, and this has been a priority for the Organisation ever since its establishment. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion or belief is singled out in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act, which is the OSCE’s founding document, as well as many later OSCE agreements. The ‘Human Dimension Implementation Meetings’ organised by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights are Europe’s largest annual human rights conferences. The last such meeting, organised in Warsaw in September 2019, included sessions on freedom of thought, conscience religion or belief as well as a session on combatting anti-Semitism and intolerance and discrimination against Christians, Muslims and members of other religions. Human Dimension Implementation Meetings are, similarly to the meetings of the Istanbul Process, designed to provide a positive space where participating States can share and develop good practices and effective policy responses. The annual meetings bring together hundreds of government officials, international experts, civil society representatives and human rights defenders, to assess how States are fulfilling their human rights commitments and obligations.